If your kidneys no longer function properly and waste products, which your kidney would normally dispose of, accumulate in the body, you are diagnosed as having uraemia. Without dialysis treatment your health will be affected, causing nausea, vomiting, cramp, shivering, drowsiness and finally bringing on a coma. 

   Fortunately, we live in a time when there are treatments and medicines that can replace the functions of the kidneys and keep the body alive. One type of renal replacement therapy. It means a treatment that replaces kidney function is hemodialysis.

   There are two main types of dialysis : "hemodialysis" and "peritoneal dialysis." Hemodialysis uses a special type of filter to remove excess waste products and water from the body.Peritoneal dialysis uses a fluid that is placed into the patient's stomach cavity through a special plastic tube to remove excess waste products and fluid from the body.

Treatment for hemodialysis takes place in a hemodialysis unit. This is a special building that is equipped with machines that perform the dialysis treatment. Special equipment adds the proper materials to purified water for the dialysis machines. The dialysis unit is also the place where patients can receive dietary counseling and help with social needs.